Stem cells have been studied by scientists since 1981. Over the decades, much has been learned about these cells and all of their benefits. Because they have the ability to form any of the cells produced in the human body, they have been studied as treatments for various diseases and disorders, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Diabetes, Lupus, cardiovascular diseases and migraines, just to name a few.
The stem cells that are studied for restorative properties are induced pluripotent stem cells. IPSCs are created in a laboratory by altering adult stem cells. Though adult stem cells that have not been altered can be used for treatment, their usefulness may be somewhat limited compared to those that have the ability to differentiate on a wide scope.
Adult stem cells are located throughout the body. They are often derived from bone marrow, the nervous system and body fat.
Stem cells are effective at treatment due to their ability to differentiate into any type of body cell. This simply means that a single stem cell can transform into a specialized cell. Differentiation is the key factor to regenerative therapy. Stem cells that are used for research or therapy are differentiated in a lab environment. The scientists working with stem cells create an embryonic environment to encourage stem cells to differentiate into the specialized cell that is needed. They do this by exposing the cells to specific chemicals or substrates in a petri dish.
Once the cells have differentiated, the scientists then carefully study the cells for accuracy and safety. Because this clinical process is so closely monitored, those seeking regenerative therapy can be certain they are getting treatment that is healthy and helpful.
Spine Institute Northwest uses regenerative therapy to aid in the treatment of joint pain, back pain and injuries. If you are suffering from back pain or have recently had a back injury, call us at (206) 496-0630 to learn more about how regenerative therapy can help you.